APEx


Welcome to APEx 2016

We invite you and your colleagues to join us in our wonderful Medellín to celebrate Association of Power Exchanges (APEx) 21th anniversary and enjoy a little bit of the Latin American flavor. 

We look forward to your participation, providing us all with an opportunity to exchange ideas, information, knowledge and best market practices with colleagues from power exchanges and electricity markets from across the globe.

Welcome to APEx 2016.

Stu Bresler

Chairman of APEx



                                               



Our Speakers

Frederick Stuart Bresler

Frederick Stuart Bresler

Senior vice president – Operations and Markets, PJM Interconnection, is responsible for all aspects of PJM’s operations and market functions.  Mr. Bresler’s responsibilities cover 24x7 operation of dual, redundant control centers utilized for the conduct of real time transmission and generation and dispatch, reliability coordination, and training as well as the engineering analysis required to conduct these functions and support the critical energy management systems. Mr. Bresler has been involved with bulk power system operations and the development and implementation of electricity markets for capacity, energy, transmission rights and ancillary services for over 20 years.  Mr. Bresler earned a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering and an Master of Management in Business Administration from The Pennsylvania State University.  He is a licensed professional engineer in the state of Pennsylvania. Mr. Bresler is chair of the Board of PJM Technologies, Inc., a PJM subsidiary. Mr. Bresler is also chair of the Board of APEx (the Association of Power Exchanges), an international organization formed to facilitate development and communication of ideas and practices in the operation of global competitive electricity markets.

María Nohemi Arboleda

María Nohemi Arboleda

Electrical Engineer from the Universidad Nacional, Transmission and Distribution Specialist and MSC in Engineering from Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.  Attended to a Power System Control and Operation training course in Sweden and a Top Management program in the Universidad de los Andes.  She has held positions as Commercial Transactions Director in the Wholesale Energy Market at ISA, Market Transactions Director in the XM National Dispatch Center at ISA, XM Dispatch National Center Manager, and is currently the XM General Manager. 

Andrew L. Ott

Andrew L. Ott

Andrew L. Ott is the president and CEO of PJM Interconnection, the largest power grid in North America and the largest electricity market in the world. Mr. Ott has been with PJM for 20 years and also serves as a PJM Board member. He was responsible for design and implementation of the PJM wholesale electricity markets. He has extensive experience in power system engineering, transmission planning, applied mathematics, electricity market design and implementation. Mr. Ott is internationally recognized as an expert in electricity market design. Mr. Ott is Chair of CIGRE (International Council on Large Electric Systems) Study Committee C5, on Electricity Markets and Regulation.  Mr. Ott is an IEEE Fellow.  He had served on the board of the Association of Power Exchanges for eight years.  Mr. Ott also serves on the Board of GO 15 which is a voluntary initiative of the world’s 18 largest power grid operators representing more than 70 percent of the world’s electricity demand and providing electricity to 3.4 billion consumers on six continents. Prior to joining PJM, Mr. Ott was employed by GPU, Inc. for 13 years in transmission planning and operations.

Germán Arce Zapata

Germán Arce Zapata

Economist from the Universidad del Valle, Master in International Securities, Investment and Banking from the Reading University in the United Kingdom, and more than 24 years of experience in the public and private sector. From 2014 to 2016, he was the manager of Fondo Adaptación, until his appointment as Colombian Minister of Mines. During his tenure with the Fondo Adaptación, he undertook the reconstruction of Gramalote, promoted the construction of houses for those affected by the 2010 harsh rainy season and the Jarillón de Cali macro-project. Among the positions held, we may mention his tenure as president of the Agencia Nacional de Hidrocarburos, and his involvement as member of the boards of directors of the Unidad de Planeación Minero Energética UPME and the Servicio Geológico Colombiano He was also Vice Minister of Finance and General Public Credit Director, and during such period, he was active member of the Boards of Directors of ISA and its affiliate XM, ISAGEN, the Agencia Nacional de Minería, and as Chairman of the Board of Directors of the Financiera Energética Nacional.

Akhilesh Awasthy

Akhilesh Awasthy

Akhilesh Awasthy has been with IEX since inception, 2008. At IEX he is oversees Market Operations, IT and Training. He has successfully lead an inter-disciplinary team for establishing the operations of India’s first Power Exchange. He is experienced in design and implementation of electricity and certificate markets in India. He has developed a Demand Response mechanism for the state of Rajasthan and implemented the pilot project in 2013. As a consultant to the Government of India, helped develop trading mechanism for White Certificates. He regularly participates in and contributes to various policy and regulatory proceeds related to Indian electricity market. The 17th APEx Conference, 2012 was successfully organised in New Delhi, under his leadership. He endeavours to contribute to the growth of Indian electricity market by developing relevant products for energy, capacity, ancillary and financial markets. His over 32 years of industry experience in power sector spans engineering, finance and IT. Prior to joining IEX, he has worked in the Transmission System Planning Division as Executive Engineer and thereafter oversaw Finance and Accounts, as Joint Director, of the then vertically integrated state utility of Madhya Pradesh (MPSEB).Mr. Awasthy is an Electrical Engineer by training. He received his Masters in Electrical Engineering from SGSITS, Indore in 1986. He is a member of The Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICAI).

Alain Janssens

Alain Janssens

As of January 2016, Alain Janssens has joined the Strategy Department of Engie, where he is Director of Regulatory Oversight and Market Design. Before this he was Deputy General Manager of Electrabel and Member of the Executive Committee of Engie Energy Europe. Born in Belgium in 1961, Alain Janssens graduated as commercial engineer from the Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management (ULB). Alain Janssens began his career at Generale Bank as Senior Financial Analyst. In 1992, he joined the Corporate & Project Finance department of Tractebel, where he became Deputy Head of the department and contributed to the international expansion of the Group in the field of Independent Power Production and natural gas distribution (LatAm, USA, Asia) He subsequently held the position of Head of Group Control and Consolidation of Tractebel (1999-2003) and Head of Project Advisory of SUEZ (2003-2004) and became member of the Boards of Synatom (2001) and Distrigas (2004) and of the Strategic Committee of Electrabel (2003). Between 2005 and 2008, Alain Janssens assumed the position of CEO and Member of the Strategic Committee of Distrigas and subsequently held various executive positions at Electrabel as General Manager of Markets & Sales, Managing Director of Electrabel Customer Solutions and Deputy CEO of GDF SUEZ Energy Benelux & Germany. He combined these positions with the position of Chairman of the Risk Committee of Electrabel. Before joining the Executive Committee of Energy Europe, Alain Janssens was Executive Vice President Markets & Sales GDF SUEZ Energy Europe and International (BEEI) and served on different Boards of the main subsidiaries outside Europe such as the stock market listed Tractebel Energia (Brazil) and GLOW (Thaïland), as well as GDFSUEZ North America and its retail, trading and LNG affiliates.

Andrés Guzmán

Andrés Guzmán

Civil – Electrical Engineer from the Universidad de Santiago de Chile and Master’s Degree in Regulation from the Universidad Adolfo Ibañez.He is currently the CDEC-SING Planning Department Chief, where long-term planning studies are conducted over the transmission frid, and studies for the connection of new projects to the system. Vast experience in the strategic evaluation of electric power generation and transmission projects, planning for the upgrade of transmission systems, Due Diligence in generation and transmission companies, asset valuation in electric companies, regulatory analysis and effects thereof in the organization objectives, and system project connection management.

Boris Livshits

Boris Livshits

He got a bachelor degree in math and master’s degree in economics. As a consultant, he took part in the development and implementation of electricity market model for RAO EES. He also developed a model for transition from totally regulated to free market. Now he is a head of capacity support trading department at Market Council (self-regulated body of electricity market infrastructure in Russia) and works on capacity market development.

Carl Andrew Monroe

Carl Andrew Monroe

Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer SPP Southwest Power Pool Carl has been with Southwest Power Pool since September 1997 and is currently responsible for Operations, Engineering, IT, Interregional Coordination, and Market Design as the Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer. Prior to joining SPP, Carl served with Entergy of New Orleans, LA and Ameren of St. Louis, MO in various management and engineering positions including forecasting; EMS advanced applications; and in EMS development. Carl received a Bachelor degree in Electrical Engineering from Auburn University in 1978 and completed the Advanced Management Program with Harvard University in 2006. He is a member of the IEEE and NSPE technical and professional societies. Carl is a registered Professional Engineer in the state of Missouri. Carl is an Eagle Scout and serves on Boards of the Association of Power Exchanges, his church, and The Repertory Theater of Arkansas.  Carl is a member of the Industry Advisory Board for Electrical Engineering at Auburn University.

Cecilia Maya Ochoa

Cecilia Maya Ochoa

Ph.D. in International Economics and Finance and Lawyer. For the last six years, she has been the Financial and Market Operations Officer for XM  S.A., the Colombian Power Independent System and Market Operator. She is a member of the Board of Directors for the Colombian Energy Derivatives Market, Derivex S.A., a joint iniciative of XM and BVC –the Colombian Stock Exchange-. She also serves as a member for the Board of Directors of CRCC – the Colombian Clearing House- and Sistemas Inteligentes en Red S.A.S., a subsidiary of XM which operates Intelligent Transportation Systems, and for the Association of Power Exchanges  -APEx. Previously, she was part of the Faculty of Finance at the School of Economics and Finance at Universidad EAFIT, where she continues teaching Derivatives and Risk Management as an adjunct Professor and Member of the Research Group in Finance and Banking GIFYB-EAFIT. Finally, she is the author of academic publications on Risk Management, Financial Derivatives, Real Options and Financial Markets.

Ivanova María Ancheta Alvarado

Ivanova María Ancheta Alvarado

Director of the National Electric Energy Commission since April 2016 – to date; Partner, Founder and Director of Aguilar & Ancheta, Legal Firm. Director of the Board of Directors of the Regional Operating Entity, former Vice Minister of Sustainable Development of the Minister of Energy and Mines in the March 2013 to June 2015 period.

Jack Burkom

Jack Burkom

Is a Senior Vice President at Brookfield Renewable Power. In his current role, Jack leads the team that is responsible for all long term power sales and contracting activities for Brookfield’s 6000 MW of renewable generation in North America. Prior to running the commercial team, Jack oversaw the trading floor and was responsible for all gas and power trading for Brookfield Renewable in North America. Prior to leading the trading floor, Jack worked in mergers and acquisitions and corporate strategy. Jack joined Brookfield in 2004 having traded in the deregulated power markets in the United States for approximately five years for the unregulated subsidiary of Pacific Gas and Electric. Prior to working at PG&E, Jack worked on the floor of the New York Mercantile Exchange. Jack brings over twenty years of diversified experience in the North American electricity market including asset valuation, acquisitions, PPA negotiation, corporate strategy, power trading, power marketing and structured transactions.

JoAnne Butler Bio

JoAnne Butler Bio

Ms. Butler is currently Vice President, Market Resource & Development at the Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO) and was the Vice President, Electricity Resources at the Ontario Power Authority (OPA).  Through amendments to the Electricity Act, the operations of the IESO and the OPA were merged on January 1, 2015, bringing together real-time operations of the grid with long-term planning, procurement and conservation efforts.  Prior to joining the OPA in 2008, Ms. Butler was president of TransAlta Mexico, where she was responsible for the day-to-day management of the business, including supporting business development and contracting activities as well as the ongoing operation of the company’s two Mexican electricity generating plants.  Prior to moving to Mexico in 2001, she was TransAlta’s general manager for western operations in Calgary and was responsible for the operation of four new generating stations. Ms. Butler also worked in the oil and gas exploration sector with Amoco Corporation for 21 years, and in her last assignment as general manager for engineering and construction and Chief Engineer, she led support teams for construction and operations in Canada and internationally. Expatriate roles included temporary assignments in Egypt and Tunisia, and a five-year assignment in the United Arab Emirates. Ms. Butler holds a Bachelor of Science (honours) degree in civil engineering from Queen’s University in Kingston. She was an executive of the Canadian Chamber of Commerce for her six years in Mexico, including a two-year term as its president. She has a Chartered Director (C. Dir) designation from the Director’s College and is currently a Board member of the Ontario Shores Centre for Mental Health Sciences in Whitby, Ontario, the Technical Standards and Safety Authority (TSSA) of Ontario and the Association of Power Exchanges (APEx).  In 2013, Ms. Butler was one of the Top 100: Canada’s Most Powerful Women in the Public Sector Leaders category.

Leonard Kula

Leonard Kula

Leonard Kula is currently Director – Power System Assessments at the Ontario Independent Electricity System Operator (IESO). In this role, Mr. Kula is responsible for the operational framework for Ontario power system operations, including connection and registration processes, system operating limits, power system models and near-term reliability assessments. Prior to this, Mr. Kula was the Director - Market Operations. In this role, Mr. Kula was responsible for planning and operation of the power system for the period from 30 days before to six days after any trade day. He was also responsible for a number of support services including emergency preparedness, maintenance of ancillary service contracts and operator training. Prior to this, Mr. Kula held a number of management positions at the IESO. From 2003 to 2005, Mr. Kula was the Manager of the Day Ahead Market Project, which delivered the Day Ahead Commitment Process, a predecessor to the current Enhanced Day Ahead Commitment (EDAC), which provides a variety of efficiencies to Ontario’s electricity market. Following that, he held the positions of Manager – Settlements, Manager – Market Forecasts and Integration and Manager – System Operations before becoming the Director – Market Operations in 2013. Mr. Kula began his career at Ontario Hydro in 1986 designing control systems and building simulators for Ontario’s nuclear power plants. He joined the IESO in 1999. Mr. Kula holds a B.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering (University of Calgary), an M.A.Sc. in Mechanical Engineering (University of Waterloo) and an M.B.A. (York University), and is registered as a Professional Engineer in Ontario.

Marc Lamey

Marc Lamey

Has been Product Line Leader Transmission since November 2015. Marc is responsible for maintaining GE Grid Solutions’ leadership in the Transmission sector and for setting the direction of the next generation of software solutions for this market. His extensive experience in the Oil & Gas and Electricity Industry spanning over 32 years gives him the perfect foundation to anticipate the direction of the market and its requirements, foresee future challenges the industry will face, and identify the best solutions for these challenges.

Mohit Saigal

Mohit Saigal

Business Development, Global Manager of ABB Enterprise Software. Is responsible for worldwide business development of wholesale electricity market solutions within ABB’s Enterprise Software unit. He has over 18 years of experience in engineering and business development covering markets in Americas, Europe, Oceania, Asia, Middle East and Africa. His implementation experience has included FERC SMD2, ENTSO-E IEM and hybrid market designs for nodal, zonal and regional markets in lead and consulting roles. He has held various positions including assignments in California, UK, Asia and Canada. Prior to ABB, Mohit held positions at Smith Barney and University of Washington. He is based in California.

Murray Henderson

Murray Henderson

A senior analyst with Transpower NZ’s system operations markets team, Murray is the lead for a project considering the implementation of shifting from ex-post nodal pricing to ex-ante real time prices for the New Zealand wholesale electricity market. Murray has 12 years of experience working within the New Zealand electricity industry. Initially Murray worked for the industry service provider responsible for the calculation of the ex-post settlement prices currently used in New Zealand. For the last 10 years Murray has worked for Transpower; the owner and  operator of NZ’s National Grid as well as the System Operator, responsible for managing the real-time power system and operating the wholesale electricity market. During this time Murray has had a significant involvement in a number of wholesale electricity market developments, including Scarcity Pricing, reducing Gate Closure, Demand Side Bidding and Forecasting, and Dispatchable Demand. Murray’s participation in all of these market developments has involved interaction with the Electricity Authority (regulator of the NZ wholesale electricity markets), industry participants, other service providers, and internal stakeholders. These interactions and responsibilities have included market design, regulation, technical design, and many aspects of the project delivery chain.

Paul Troughton

Paul Troughton

Paul has worked in demand response for nine years, with direct experience of the markets in Australia, New Zealand, Great Britain, and Ireland, and exposure to market design issues in other parts of Europe, Asia, and North America. He has previously worked in clean technology investment, technology transfer, consumer electronics start-ups, and for the Electricity Corporation of New Zealand, where he was one of the first to get to grips with nodal pricing. He holds a PhD in statistical signal processing and an undergraduate degree in electrical engineering, both from the University of Cambridge.

Randy Berry

Randy Berry

Vice President, PSC United States As Vice President, Randy Berry is responsible for PSC’s development across all core business areas. Randy consistently represents the industry, addressing a variety of issues including smart grid, cyber security and control center advancements. Having briefed federal and state government officials in the United States on the application of technology to advance and transform the electricity grid, he is a recognized resource and trusted advisor to the electricity industry.

Richard Doying

Richard Doying

Mr. Doying shares executive leadership of MISO’s office of the Chief Operating Officer. Mr. Doying is responsible for MISO’s day-to-day operations, including MISO’s reliability and market functions; market development and analys; and market and corporate application support. Additional responsibilities include Finance and Corporate Services, Human Resources and new member integration. Mr. Doying came to MISO in 2002 from PG&E National Energy Group, where he served as director of strategy and new initiatives. His prior career includes service at ICF Kaiser as a project manager in the power sector practice. Mr. Doying earned a bachelor’s degree from the University of California, Los Angeles, and a master’s degree from the University of Minnesota.

Richard Sarti

Richard Sarti

Richard Sarti heads up Nord Pool’s activities in the UK and Ireland. He has more than 15 years’ experience in the commodities and energy business and has been with Nord Pool since 2009. He has overseen the implementation and development of Nord Pool’s UK market, N2EX, since its inception in 2010; The Nord Pool UK market now accounts for around 40% of the UK day-ahead power consumption and its daily reference price is used to set the strike price for CFD’s for intermittent generation in the UK. Richard led the implementation and development of Nord Pool’s market coupling arrangements between UK and France in 2014, as part of the implementation of the Capacity Allocation and Congestion Management guidelines which came into force in 2015. He currently sits as Chairman of the UK’s Power Trading Committee which comprises of individuals who undertake business in European Power Markets. The Committee addresses and advises the Futures Industry Association (FIA) on all market, clearing and operational aspects arising in connection with trading power in Europe. Richard is also a keen sailor and windsurfer, and tries to spend most of his time on the water, when not in the office.

Roberto Castro

Roberto Castro

Roberto Castro is member of the administrative board and director of Market Management at Chamber of Electric Energy Trading – CCEE, the Brazilian power market operator, since 2014. Castro acted as manager and chief executive officer in large generation and distribution electric energy Brazilian companies, such CESP, Elektro and CPFL – at this last one he worked as Director of Electricity Comercialization and Regulation (2011-2014). PhD in Electrical Engineering from State University of Campinas (Unicamp), Castro is a Professor of Electric Energy Market Regulation at State University of São Paulo (USP).

Robin McCormick

Robin McCormick

Direction for Operations, Planning and Innovation of EirGrid Group and General Manager, SONI LtdHas extensive experience in the power industry in a regulated utility environment.  He was jointly responsible for establishing the Single Electricity Market Operator, an all-island wholesale electricity market in Ireland.  The current focus is to establish a new market i-SEM in compliance with the European Energy Directive.  As EirGrid Group Executive Director responsible for Operations, Planning and Innovation he leads a team of professionals on the forefront of renewable integration.  Robin is a fellow of the Institution of Engineering and Technology, a Member of the IET Engineering Policy Group-Northern Ireland and IoD.  He holds an MBA from the University of Ulster, Jordanstown and an MSc from Napier University Edinburgh.

Sandrine Wachon

Sandrine Wachon

Sandrine Wachon heads the international business development of the European power exchange, EPEX SPOT. She joined EPEX SPOT in 2004 to develop international partnership and business services. She was deeply involved in the establishment of the Hungarian power exchange and set-up of market coupling in Central and South Eastern Europe and more recently in the foundation of the Serbian power exchange. She leads at present several projects of business cooperation in Europe and beyond. Previously, she worked in the International Affairs Department of the French Transmission System Operator, RTE, as a project manager. She was involved in various projects linked to electricity market deregulation. Then, she moved the Power System Forecast Department as an economist and was involved in studies related to generation adequacy in France and in Europe. She has thus gained expertise in power market organisation, electricity utility reorganisation and strategic planning through her various positions and project assignments. She is also a lecturer in environment economics in the University of Corsica (Master of Environmental Engineering) and in La Sorbonne (Master of International Relations and European Affairs). She holds a PhD in energy and environment economics from University of La Sorbonne and a degree in Vietnamese.

Sankaran Rajagopal

Sankaran Rajagopal

Director, Energy Market Management Systems of Siemens Is currently a Director responsible for Energy Market Management Product and Business at Siemens Digital Grid Software Solutions at Minneapolis, Minnesota. He received his Ph.D. in E.E. in the topics of Power System Dynamic Security and Control Center applications from Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa.  He has been with Siemens for over two decades actively developing and managing the Power System Applications Development, Operator Training Simulators, System Restoration, Product Release Management and Program Management. For nearly a decade he has been managing the Development and Delivery of Siemens Energy Market Management Systems. In particular, he managed the program for the Siemens delivered market systems at California Independent System Operator dealing with Integrated Forward and Real Time Markets, Scheduling Infrastructure, Market Quality System, Model Management, and SOA based Enterprise Integration. He oversees Siemens engagement in the model management systems at ERCOT Market, Resource Optimization at Florida Power and Light. Currently he is engaged in the Siemens market/system operator solutions to effectively manage and utilize high amounts of renewable penetration, and in the implementation of Market Management System being developed for the Philippines Wholesale Electricity Spot Market, and Colombia XM SAM (Market Administration System).

Sharon Segner Bio

Sharon Segner Bio

Is Vice President at LS Power Development, LLC in Arlington, VA.  Sharon has executed the company’s national goals related to opening up a new sector of the energy business for independent transmission companies.  Specifically, she has led the company’s national efforts related to FERC Order No. 1000 transmission policy and the removal of incumbent transmission owners’ right of first refusal.  LS Power is a leading advocate in the United States for competitive transmission markets. Prior to her tenure at LS Power, she developed for Competitive Power Ventures two large natural gas projects in the Washington, DC area – CPV Warren (now owned by Dominion Virginia Power) in Front Royal, VA and CPV Maryland in Charles County, Maryland.  Formerly, she was the lead developer at PG&E National Energy Group on the 650-MW Otay Mesa Project in San Diego County, California.  Sharon is no stranger to energy policy issues.  She left the development world for four years from 2002 to 2006.  During that time, she was the Principal Advisor to the Chairman of the Senate Energy Subcommittee on Energy, the Honorable Lamar Alexander (R-TN) during the passage of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.  Sharon was involved the drafting of the natural gas provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 2005.  Sharon later served in the White House / Executive Office of the President’s Office of Management and Budget focused on energy issues.  Sharon has a MBA from Rice University and a BA from the University of Texas at Austin.

Stephen Kerr

Stephen Kerr

Stephen specializes in Smart Grid technologies and improving performance of Utilities’ IT systems, helping clients manage their portfolio, innovate, architect, deliver and extend solutions. He is a seasoned project leader, frequently called upon to organize large programs and turn around ailing ones. Stephen is a Chartered Electrical Engineer and is a leader within our Delivery Assurance service. His technical expertise is in enterprise architecture, data management and integration with more than 20 years of experience across the system lifecycle. His experience covers research and development, infrastructure, smart devices, enterprise packages, integration, utility operational systems and multiple frameworks and standards.

Sue Paul

Sue Paul

Is a Managing Consultant in the Energy & Utilities Practice at the PA Consulting Group. Sue uses her specialist knowledge of energy market regulations and operations to work with market and system operators, regulators and utilities helping them manage risk and uncertainty and improve operational performance.

Terry Grimwade

Terry Grimwade

Has over 20 years of experience in the development, implementation and operation of electricity and gas markets in Australia. He was the convenor of the multi-State and multi-disciplined working group that drafted the establishment market rules for the Australian National Electricity Market, and led the drafting of the initial market rules that introduced a gas spot market into the State of Victoria.  Terry was a founding member of the Executive Management teams for both the Victorian Energy Market Networks Corporation (VENCorp) and the Australian Energy Market Operator (AEMO) when they were established in 1997 and 2007, respectively, and held Executive General Management positions with responsibilities for wholesale and retail market development, and system and market operations. During this time he actively led a number of state and nationally based industry working groups and committees responsible for the ongoing development of gas and electricity markets across the eastern States of Australia.  Terry is now engaged as a Senior Market Design Consultant with Market Reform and is currently drafting rules as part of a project to implement an Integrated Single Electricity Market for Ireland and Northern Ireland, in compliance with the European Network Codes.

Timothy J. Horger

Timothy J. Horger

Mr. Horger is responsible for managing the Interregional Market Operations Department.  The Interregional Market Operations Department is responsible for all market activities associated with interregional market coordination with neighboring areas including Market-to-Market (M2M) daily congestion management, Congestion Management Process (CMP), Joint and Common Market (JCM), Interchange Distribution Calculator Working Group (IDCWG), North America Energy Standards Board (NAESB), and project support. In addition, the department provides direct support to the PJM dispatch, Real Time Operations, Forward Market Operations, and the Market Simulation departments. Prior to managing the Interregional Market Operations Department at PJM Interconnection, Mr. Horger managed the  ARR/FTR Markets and Market Efficiency Planning process at PJM. Mr. Horger has been with PJM since 2002 and has extensive experience in the energy markets and in power-system engineering. Mr. Horger received a Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering from Drexel University.  He also received a Master of Science in Systems Engineering from Pennsylvania State University.

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